## Reasoning :: Equality And InequalityPage 1

###### Section-1
Direction:In these questions relationship between different elements is shown in statements. The statements are followed by conclusions. Study the conclusions based on the given statement and select the appropriate answer.

1.

 Statements: A â‰¥ B = C B < D â‰¤ E Conclusions: D > A E > C (a)Only conclusion 1 is true (b)Only conclusion 2 is true (c)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (d)Either conclusion 1 or 2 is true

A â‰¥ B = C â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦(1)
B < D â‰¤ E â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦(2)
Combining both statements, we get A â‰¥ B < D â‰¤ E
Thus, we canâ€™t compare A and D. Hence Conclusion 1 (D > A) is not true.
Again, B = C < D â‰¤ E. Thus C < E or E > C is true. Hence, conclusions 2 is true.

2.

 Statements: L > U â‰¥ K Z < U < R Conclusions: L > Z K < R (a)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (b)Only conclusion 1 is true (c)Both conclusions 1 and 2 are true (d)Only conclusion 2 is true
Answer is: DL > U â‰¥ K â€¦..(1)
Z < U < R â€¦â€¦(2)
Combining both statements, we get L > U > Z. Thus, L > Z is true. Hence conclusion 1 is true.
Again, K â‰¤ U < R. Thus K < R is true. Hence, conclusion 2 is true.

3.

 Statements: Y < J = P â‰¥ R > I Conclusions: J > I Y < R (a)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (b)Either conclusion 1 or 2 is true (c)Only conclusion 1 is true (d)Only conclusion 2 is true
Y < J = P â‰¥ R > I
Thus, J > I is true, Hence conclusion 1 is true.
Again, we can't compare Y and R. Hence, 2 is not true.

4.

 Statements: V â‰¥ K > M = N M > S T < K Conclusions: T < N V = S (a)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (b)Either conclusion 1 or 2 is true (c)Only conclusion 1 is true (d)Only conclusion 2 is true
V â‰¥ K > M = N â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦.(1)
M > S â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦..(2)
T < k â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦.(3)
Combining (1) and (3), we get
T < K > M = N
We can't compare T and N.
Hence conclusion 1 (T < N) is not true.
Again, combining (1) and (2),
V â‰¥ K > M > S
Thus, Conclusion (2) (V = S) is not true.

5.

 Statements: P < L â‰¤ A > M = K â‰¥ E Conclusions: K â‰¤ L P < E (a)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (b)Either conclusion 1 or 2 is true (c)Only conclusion 1 is true (d)Only conclusion 2 is true
P < L â‰¤ A > M = K â‰¥ E
Thus, we can't compare L and K. Hence 1 is not true,
Again, we can't compare P and E. Hence 2 is not true.
Hence, neither 1 nor 2 is true.

6.

 Statements: P > R = A < Y D < A Conclusions: 1. P > D 2. D < Y (a)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (b)Either conclusion 1 or 2 is true (c)Both conclusions 1 and 2 are true (d)Only conclusion 1 is true
P > R = A < Y â€¦â€¦â€¦(1)
D < A â€¦â€¦â€¦.(2)
Combining (1) and (2), we get
P > R = A > D
Thus, P > D is true. Hence 1 is true.
Again, D < A < Y
So, D < Y is true. Hence 2 is true.

7.

 Statements: P > R = A < Y D < A Conclusions: P < Y R â‰¤ D (a)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (b)Either conclusion 1 or 2 is true (c)Only conclusion 1 is true (d)Both conclusions 1 and 2 are true
P > R = A < Y â€¦â€¦â€¦(1)
D < A â€¦â€¦â€¦.(2)
Now, from (1), P > R = A < Y
We can't compare P and Y. Hence 1 is not true.
From (1) and (2), we get
P > R = A > D. Hence R > D is true. Hence (2) ( R â‰¤ D ) is not true.

8.

 Statements: C â‰¥ R > A = S â‰¤ H R < P < Q Conclusions: C > S P < C (a)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (b)Either conclusion 1 or 2 is true (c)Only conclusion 1 is true (d)Only conclusion 2 is true
C â‰¥ R > A = S â‰¤ H â€¦â€¦..(1)
R < P < Q â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦(2)
Now, from equation 1
C â‰¥ R > A = S â‰¤ H
Thus, C > S is true. Hence 1 is true.
Again combining equation1 and 2, we get
C â‰¥ R < R < Q
So, we can't compare P and C. Hence, equation 2 is not true.

9.

 Statements: C â‰¥ R > A = S â‰¤ H R < P < Q Conclusions: H â‰¥ R R < Q (a)Only conclusion 1 is true (b)Only conclusion 2 is true (c)Neither conclusion 1 nor 2 is true (d)Either conclusion 1 or 2 is true
C â‰¥ R > A = S â‰¤ H â€¦â€¦..(1)
R < P < Q â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦(2)
From equation (2)
R < P < Q
Hence, R < Q is true. Hence 2 is true.
Again, R > A = S â‰¤ H
We can't compare H and R. Hence, statement 1 is not true.

10.

 Statements: S > M â‰¥ D > H â‰¤ R â‰¤ T < W Conclusions: S > H W > H R < W M > T (a)Only 1 , 2 and 3 are true (b)Only 1 and 2 are true (c)Only 1 and Either 2 or 4 are true (d)All 1, 2 3 and 4 are true
Answer is: AS > M â‰¥ D > H â‰¤ R â‰¤ T < W
Thus, S > H is true. Hence 1 is true. Again,
H < W or W > H is true. Hence 2 is true.
R < W is true. Hence 3 is also true. But we can't compare M and T.
Hence 4 is not true. Hence only 1, 2 and 3 are true.