Reasoning :: Alphabetical And Miscellaneous Series Page 1
1.  If CUP = 40, then KITE = ?  (a)20  (b)10  (c)30  (d)45 

Answer is: DAs, C + U + P = 3 + 21 + 16 = 40
Similarly, K + I + T + E = 11 + 9 + 20 + 5 = 45
2.  What is the number place of G from right side?  (a)19  (b)20  (c)21  (d)22 

Answer is: BLet, 27  G = 27  7 = 20
3.  If BAG = 71, then VICE = ?  (a)67  (b)68  (c)69  (d)70 

Answer is: CAs, B = 27  2 = 25
A = 27  1 = 26
G = 27  7 = 20
So, BAG = 25 + 26 + 20 = 71
Then, V = 27  22 = 5
I = 27  9 = 18
C = 27  3 = 24
E = 27  5 = 22
So, VICE = 5 + 18 + 24 + 22 = 69
Using backward letter positions
4.  In certain code, LAKE is written as OZPV. How will BACK be in that same code?  (a)ZYXP  (b)ZYPX  (c)YZXP  (d)YZPX 

Answer is: CL + O = 12 + 15 = 27
A + Z = 1 + 26 = 27
K + P = 11 + 16 = 27
E + V = 5 + 22 = 27
Similarly,
B + Y = 2 + 25 = 27
A + Z = 1 + 26 = 27
C + X = 3 + 24 = 27
K + P = 11 + 16 = 27
5.  In a certain code language PICTURE is written as QHDSVQF. How would BROWSER be written in that same code language?  (a)CQVVTDS  (b)CQPVTDS  (c)CQPUTDS  (d)CQVPPDS 

Answer is: BP + 1 = Q
I â€“ 1 = H
C + 1 = D
T â€“ 1 = S
U + 1 = V
R â€“ 1 = Q
E + 1 = F
Similarly,
B + 1 = C
R â€“ 1 = Q
O + 1 = P
W â€“ 1 = V
S + 1 = T
E â€“ 1 = D
R + 1 = S
6.  In a certain code language, ITNIETAM is code for INTIMATE, then which of the following words has the code for TREVNIETARBI?  (a)INVRETIBRATE  (b)INVRETIBRAET  (c)INRVETIBRATE  (d)INVERTIBRATE 

Answer is: Dthe letters of the first half and the next half of the code are separately reversed to obtain the word. thus, we have
I = I
T = N
N = T
I = I
E = M
T = A
A = T
M = E
Similarly,
T = I
R = N
E = V
V = E
N = R
I = T
E = I
T = B
A = R
R = A
B = T
I = E
7.  In certain code language, STARK is written as LBFMG and MOBILE is written as TNRSPJ. How will BLAME be written in that same code language?  (a)TSFRJ  (b)RPFTJ  (c)NJFTP  (d)TSFGJ 

Answer is: Busing direct coding method,
S = L
T = B
A = F
R = M
K = G
AND
M = T
O = N
B = R
I = S
L = P
E = J
Similarly, from the direct codes,
B = R
L = P
A = F
M = T
E = J
8.  In a certain coding system, SHEEP is written as GAXXR and BLEAT as HPXTN. How can SLATE be written in that same coding system?  (a)GPTNX  (b)GPTXN  (c)GPXNT  (d)PTGXN 

Answer is: AIn both the words SHEEP and BLEAT, the letter E is common and code for E is substituted X. Hence, using direct letter coding method, we have
S = G and B = H
H = A and L = P
E = X and E = X
P = R and T = N
Similarly, using the direct codes
S = G
L = P
A = T
T = N
E = X
9.  If WORK is coded as 412916, then how will you code WOMAN?  (a)412142613  (b)426141312  (c)2312261413  (d)2315131714 

Answer is: Awe have,
W = 4 Hence W = 4
O = 12 and O = 12
R = 9 and M = 14
K = 16 and A = 26, and N = 13
Here, each letter is coded by the numerical obtained by subtracting its position value in English alphabetical order, from 27, i.e. W, O, M, A, N are at 23rd, 15th, 13th, 1st, and 14th position in alphabetical order. So their codes are (27  23), (27 15), (27  13), (27  1), (27 14), i.e. 4, 12, 14, 26, 13, respectively i.e. their backward order position.
10.  In certain code language, 'it pit sit' means 'I am boy', 'it nit sit' means 'I am girl' which of the following means girl?  (a)it  (b)pit  (c)nit  (d)sit 

Answer is: CWe have,
it pit sit = I am boy
it nit sit = I am girl
Here, 'it and sit' is common in both the messages and 'I' and 'am' is common is both codes. Hence, code for girl will be 'nit'.
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